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The Meaning of SAT Scores

Understanding the Complexity of SAT Scores and Universities That Accept SAT Scores
  • Nitin
  • 25 Jan, 2020

The Scholastic Assessment Test, commonly known as the SAT, is among the most popular and widely accepted test across the globe.

Administered by the College Board, the SAT is a passport for students who are willing to apply for undergraduate courses in the US. Once you take the SAT exam, you will likely receive your SAT scores within 2 to 6 weeks after the SAT exam date. You can get SAT scorecard via logging in to the official website of the College Board – if you have registered via College Board website – or if you have registered for SAT test via email, you can get your SAT score via email. There is another option to get SAT scores report, which is via phone; however, this option will have an additional fee.

SAT Scores Sending Process

When you apply for any college or university based on your SAT scores, that particular college requires the SAT test administrator, the College Board, to send them the official SAT score report directly. You can select as many four free colleges to send your SAT score to. And, if you want to send your SAT score card to more than four colleges, you can do so by signing in to your College Board account with an additional fee.

The SAT scores report is as complex as the SAT test itself. If you think, you’re going to get one total score out of 1600, you need to know more about the SAT scoring scheme. After taking the SAT test, you will get 18 distinct scores that will have detailed information about your performance in the SAT test. This way, it will not only help you secure a seat in good colleges but also help colleges and universities to know about your academic strengths and weaknesses. Let us take a look at the SAT score report range here!

SAT Score Report

SAT Section

Score Range

Evidence-Based Reading and Writing Section

200 – 800

Math Section

200 – 800

Essay (Optional)

3 individual scores

Test Scores

3 individual scores

Cross-test score

2 individual scores

Sub-scores

7 individual scores

Total Scores

400 – 1600 points

 

SAT Raw Scores

SAT Raw scores depict the number of questions you have attempted in each section of the SAT test. The maximum number of questions in the Reading test, Writing & Language and Math test are 52, 44 and 58 respectively. Since there is no negative marking in the SAT test, you should attempt all the questions in each section in the stipulated time. The SAT test administrators, then, convert these raw scores on a scale of 200 to 800 points. The scaled scores are what decide your percentile ranking taking into the consideration of all the other test takers’ performance in the SAT exam.

SAT Individual Scores

‘Test Scores’ is another component that you will find in your SAT test report. The raw scores you attain in each category are converted into the scaled scores in the range from 10 to 40 for each category.

The maximum score for the Writing & Language and the Reading section is 800. You can calculate your total Evidence-Based Reading and Writing Score in these categories by adding two scores together and multiplying them by 10.

To calculate your Math score, you can first multiply your test score by two – for the` calculator and non-calculator portion – and then multiply them again by 10.

SAT Essay Score

No matter if the Essay section in the SAT test is optional, you must take it in your SAT exam as Essay Scores are mandatory to apply for some schools. Since, it’s an additional part of the exam, even if you don’t do well in this Essay section, it won’t put any negative impression on your performance. However, performing well in the Essay section may help you stand out from other applicants and increase your chances of getting a good college.

SAT Essay score report is divided into three individual scores based on:

  1. Your understanding of the essay theme and implications.
  2. Your understanding of the argument and the ability to develop new ideas using the evidence stated in the essay.
  3. Your writing-aptitude and the command on the English language.

SAT Cross-Test Score

The SAT cross-scores depict your overall performance in all the SAT sections and put it into two individual scores. These two individual scores show your aptitude in the analysis of Science and Social Studies/ History. Your cross-scores range from 10 to 40 and show your potential to analyse and solve the problems related to Science and Social Studies/ History subjects.

SAT Sub-Scores

The SAT Sub-scores depict your section-wise overall performance in the Math and Evidence-Based Reading and Writing sections. The Math section will provide you with three sub-scores while the Evidence-Based Writing and Reading section will give you four sub-scores for questions containing in these sections. These sub-scores are scaled on 1 to 15.

Sampling of SAT Score Requirements at US Colleges

University

25th Percentile SAT Score

75th Percentile SAT Score

Average SAT Score

Harvard University

1470

1600

1540

MIT

1480

1590

1520

Stanford University

1450

1590

1520

Northwestern University

1480

1580

1510

University of California Berkeley

1330

1540

1440

Carnegie Mellon University

1430

1560

1490

Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech)

1380

1530

1450

Harvey Mudd College (HMC)

1450

1570

1510

Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI)

1360

1540

1420

University of California Irvine

1120

1370

1250

University of Arizona (UA)

1050

1290

1170

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC)

1310

1480

1390

University of Michigan (UM, U-M)

1370

1530

1450

University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin)

1240

1450

1350

University of Wisconsin Madison (UW)

1280

1470

1370

 

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